Garudan Paravai and Tookkam: Bird Masquerade and Claw Hanging in Kerala

When summer becomes unbearable during the month of Meenam or Metam that comes during April-May season, the ancient Kavus or sacred-grove shrines of mid and south Kerala; now turned into Brahmanical Hindu temples all around the lake Vembanad perform the Paravai and Tookkam, now widely called the Garudan Paravai and Garudan Tookkam. It is traditionally […]

Buddha as Elephant: Dhauligiri to Dindikal and the Mystery of Ganes

Asoka represented the enlightened one as an exquisite elephant or Gajotama at Dhauligiri near the Kalinga war site by the river Daya near Bhubaneswar in Odisha.  This BC 3rd century rock cut idol is one of the earliest archaeological representations of the Buddha that is still surviving and is one of the earliest examples of […]